In the burgeoning landscape of the semiconductor industry, Silicon Carbide (SiC) emerges as a promising material, unveiling opportunities for superior electronic performance at a competitive cost. The industry’s relentless pursuit for enhanced efficiency, higher operating temperatures, and reduced system costs has brought SiC into the spotlight, making it a frontrunner in the compound semiconductor sector.

The Semiconducting Marvel: Silicon Carbide (SiC)

Silicon Carbide is a wide bandgap (WBG) material that exhibits superior properties that make it a compelling choice for semiconductor applications. Unlike silicon, SiC can operate at elevated temperatures and has a higher thermal conductivity, making it a staple for high-power, high-frequency, and high-temperature applications. Here’s how SiC stands out:
  • Wide Bandgap:
SiC has a bandgap of approximately 3.2 eV, significantly wider than silicon’s 1.1 eV. This wider bandgap enables SiC devices to operate at higher temperatures and voltages, making them ideal for power applications.
  • High Electric Breakdown Field:
SiC boasts an electric breakdown field 10 times greater than silicon. This characteristic allows SiC devices to operate at higher voltages, thus reducing the current required for a given power output.
  • High Thermal Conductivity:
SiC’s thermal conductivity is thrice that of silicon, which is beneficial for dissipating heat generated during operations.
  • Radiation Hardness:
SiC’s inherent radiation resistance makes it a preferable choice for space applications where radiation tolerance is crucial.

Driving Forces Behind SiC Fabrication

The surge in SiC fabrication is primarily fuelled by the escalating demands for more efficient power systems and the push for more eco-friendly energy solutions. Here are some driving factors:
  • Energy Efficiency:
As global energy consumption continues to soar, the urgency for more efficient power systems becomes paramount. SiC-based devices exhibit lower energy loss, thereby enhancing overall system efficiency.
  • Electric Vehicles (EVs) and Renewable Energy:
The electrification of the automotive industry and the burgeoning renewables sector necessitate the adoption of SiC. The material’s ability to operate at high voltages and temperatures makes it well-suited for EV power electronics and renewable energy systems.
  • Cost-Competitive Manufacturing:
Although initially more expensive, the total cost of ownership (TCO) of SiC-based systems is often lower due to reduced cooling requirements and smaller passive components. Furthermore, as SiC fabrication technologies mature, the cost per unit is expected to decrease.
  • 5G and Beyond:
The rollout of 5G and the anticipation of 6G require materials capable of handling high-frequency operations. SiC’s wide bandgap properties make it a viable candidate for these high-frequency applications.
  • Government and Industry Support:
Governments and industry giants are investing in SiC fabrication facilities to propel the semiconductor industry forward. The support manifests through grants, partnerships, and direct investments in SiC production.


The compelling attributes of Silicon Carbide resonate with the evolving needs of the semiconductor industry, making SiC fabrication an exciting frontier for stakeholders. As we transition into a more electrified and connected world, SiC’s role becomes increasingly crucial, setting the stage for a new era of semiconductor technology. The ongoing investments and research in SiC technology signify a bright future, full of possibilities for enhanced electronic performance and sustainable energy solutions.